Saturday, 30 June 2007

Hadith 2 - The Religion (Islam) Is to act with sincerity.

اسلام عليكم و رحمة الله وبركات

Hadeeth 2:

الدين النصيحة

"The religion (Islam) is to act with sincerity" or " Religion is advice"


Mubtada and khabar makes a Jumlah Ismiyyah Khabariyah (Nominal sentence)

The Arabic word Al-Nasihah is difficult to translate into English.

Allama Ibn Daqeeq al Eid رحمة الله عليه states that “In Arabic there is no similar for the word Al-Nasihah also”

Other meanings could be – giving good advice, directing towards good, acting with sincerity or honesty, or being compassionate and desiring good.

The hadith makes clear that one of the core aspects of true faith is to give good counsel, to wish well, and to act towards everything with honesty and sincerity.

[Provisions For The seekers - Abdur Rahman Ibn Yusuf Mangera]

Imam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه states that:

“This hadith is an explanation for the entire religion as nasihah means sincerity, and sincerity is the root of all actions. Without it (sincerity) all actions are rejected”

[Sharah Muslim – Fathul Bari]

In the rest of the hadith, the sahabah asked Muhammad صلي الله عليه وسلم, in regards to what must this naseehah (sincerity) be?

Muhammad صلي الله عليه وسلم answered;

In regards to Allah;

In regards to the Book of Allah (Quran);

In regards to the Imam’s of the Muslimeen; and

In regards to the Muslim’s as a whole.

To have sincerity in regards to Allah means to believe in Allah with all his sifaat (attributes), and believe firmly in His oneness.

Not to associate anything or anyone else with the attributes of Allah. To do all worship with utmost sincerity. To act upon all that Allah has commanded and be thankful for all the blessings Allah has blessed us with. To love all those who love Allah.

To have sincerity in regards to the Quran means to believe firmly that the Quran has been revealed from Allah. To act upon whatever it says in all states. To recite it with tajweed and to contemplate in what the ayah’s say. To respect it at all times.

Inclusive in regards to Allah and His book are the sincere belief we must have in regards to Muhammad صلي الله عليه وسلم, To believe firmly that Muhammad صلي الله عليه وسلم is the messenger of Allah, to bring Imaan in his Prophet hood, to believe in all the commands He صلي الله عليه وسلم has given and to follow what He صلي الله عليه وسلم has taught. To love Him صلي الله عليه وسلم more than one’s own family and children, and to have love for His صلي الله عليه وسلم sahabah (companions).

In regards to Muslim Imam’s, it constitutes to those who are running the country as well the ulema (people of knowledge). To be sincere in dealing with these people means to stay loyal to them, not to go against them in order to cause them difficulty in their rule.

To follow them in good matters and to refrain from following in bad.

If it is felt that they are doing some wrong then they must be advised in a good way and the people should not plot against them.

To respect the people of knowledge, to accept all they say about the deen and to follow them in all the good they say about the deen, and in their actions.

In terms of the general muslmeen it means to always want good for them in terms of both worlds, and to call them to good so that they may benefit in all walks of life. To never harm them, to reply to their salaam, to visit them if they are ill, not betray anybody’s trust, to respect the elders and have mercy on the young, not to backbite etc.

In this manner all things in regards to this world and the hereafter are included.

This hadith shows how Muhammad صلي الله عليه وسلم was blessed as being Jawaamiul Qalam, meaning He صلي الله عليه وسلم could say so less and it would have a very deep and profound meaning, this was indeed a miracle of the Prophet صلي الله عليه وسلم that he could convey so much with such a short sentence.

Monday, 11 June 2007

Hadeeth 1- Deeds are Only by Intentions

اسلام عليكم و رحمة الله وبركاته

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Hadeeth 1

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَي اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلم

انما الاعمال بالنيات و انما لامرئ ما نوي فمن كانت هجرته الي الله و رسوله فهجرته الي الله و رسوله، ومن كانت هجرته الي دنيا يصيبها أو إمرأة يتزوجها فهجرته الي ما هاجر اليه

رواه بخاري و مسلم


The Prophet صلي الله عليه وسلم said:

"Deeds are only by intentions, for each man is only for which he has intended, and so whoevers hijrah is for Allah and his messenger صلي الله عليه وسلم, then indeed his hijrah is only to Allah and his messenger صلي الله عليه وسلم. But whoevers hijrah is to the world he wishes to acquire or a woman he seeks to marry, then his hijrah is only to that which he has actually immigrated."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

Before beginning to explain this hadeeth it is important that we actually understand what the words niyyah and hijrah actually mean. One can say that a niyyah means inclination of the heart. So our intention of any act that we do lies upon the inclination of our hearts. The word hijrah means to leave a land solely for the pleasure of Allah سبحانه وتعالي. The more correct and general meaning is that a person leaves all which Allah سبحانه وتعالي has fordibidden.


This hadeeth indicates towards a certain incident that took place. A man migrated to Madinah with the desire to marry a woman whose name was Umme Qays. For this reason the man was later well known as 'Muhajir Umme Qays'. What actually happened was a man sent a message to Umme Qays stating his desire to marry her. Umme Qays accepted with a condition that he migrate to Madinah for the marriage to take place. Therefore, the man migrated to Madinah and then married her. Hence he became famous with the title 'Muhajir Umme Qays'.

Within this beautiful hadeeth lies many virtues. Imam Shafiee رحمة الله عليه and Imam Ahmad رحمة الله عليه have given this hadeeth the status of being equivalent to a third of all knowledge.

Our actions are divided into three:

1-Those acts which are connected to the heart.

2-Those acts connected to our tongues.

3-Those acts connected to aur body parts.

This hadeeth relates to all three types. Than any act done within the three categories above is still determined by our intentions.

Ibn Daqeeq Al'eid رحمة الله عليه has said that the 'Ulama have titled this hadeeth 'ثلث الاسلام' (a third of Islam). Whereas Imam Abu Daud رحمة الله عليه has described this hadeeth to be a half of all Fiqh (Jurisprudence). It is a tradition amongst 'Ulema that they begin their books with this hadeeth so that from the very beginning the teacher and the student can rectify their intentions, as well as ensure whatever they are commencing is done with full sincerity.

Intentions play an important part in our lives, and we can class them into three categories according to why intentions are needed:

1-تمييز عبادت عن العادت To differentiate our habits from our acts of worship ('ibaadah). It is our intentions that truly determine why we are doing certain acts. A person can stand in the position of salah, but without a niyyah he is merely standing. It is only his niyyah that will determine whether or not he is really praying.

2-تمييز عبادت عن العبادت Our intentions differentiate one act of worship from another. A person can be praying Salah, however only through his niyyah will it be known whether he is praying for example fajr or dhuhr.

3-تمييز معبود عن المعبود Only our intentions will tell us to whom we are praying to. It differentiates us from others. Our niyyah will tell us we are praying to Allah. Whereas the intention of a fire worshipper would be that he is praying towards the fire.

The meaning of the hadeeth here is that Allah سبحانه وتعالي will only accept those acts of worship which are done with a correct intention. If the intention is not correct, then the act is not accepted rather it is rejected. However a person intends will be in accordance to what he will recieve. For any act, no matter how many intentions a person has for it they will all be dealt with accordingly. For example if a person has a relative who us very poor he intends to help him because he is poor, this results in one reward. However, if a person also intends to enjoin family ties as mentionned in the Qur'an and hadeeth he will get two rewards. A person can have many intentions for one act, and if they are all good intentions the Allah will reward us for all of them.

We will bear the fruit of our actions according to our intentions. So we must constantly be reviewing our intentions and making sure that sincerity is found within them.